In 1953, when Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, he
brought on a fleet of planes including two Lockheed C-121
Constellations that he name Columbine II and III.
The plane was born as a Plain-Jane Lockheed C-121A Constellation
(model L-749-79-36, c/n 749-2602), one of nine ordered in 1948.
Before 1953, flights simply used the plane's tail number, so for Columbine II, the call sign was Air Force 8610. One day in 1953 when the Connie, with Ike onboard, was flying over New York; Eastern Airlines Flight 8610 was also in the area, due to confusion induced by the similar call signs, the two planes almost collided. Eisenhower's pilot, Col. Billy Draper, is credited with finding the solution to the problem, coining the phrase "Air Force One" for use when the President is on board.
The president made many travils with Air Force One, such as that to the western Pacific in 1960 to meet With the Republic of China President Chiang Kai-shek. President Eisenhower waved to Taiwanese people during his visit to Taipei, Taiwan. He also met with the First Lady Soong Mei-ling, and Chiang in Taiwan.