Phoenix is a 680 ft factory ship operated by Premier Pacific Seafoods
Inc. of Seattle.
Ocean Phoenix is a “mothership” operation, meaning she processes the
fish caught by a fleet of trawlers. The trawlers haul their nets and
then transfer the 55 ton codend (the back end of their net that holds
the fish) directly to
the Phoenix. As the trawler prepares the net, the mother ship
pulls up beside them, trailing a hawser from the stern ramp. The
shackles the codend to the hawser and releases it. An empty codend is
sent to the
catcher boat, which resumes fishing, while the mother ship hauls the
bag aboard and
begins processing the fish. The ship will take 15-20 deliveries a day.
Ocean Phoenix operates mostly in the Bering Sea, as well
as a short season off the West Coast of Washington and Oregon with
trips to Japan and Korea to deliver the vessels products. She was
originally built as
a break bulk vessel, the Oregon Mail by American Mail Line in 1964,
converted to a
container ship by AML in 1972, where she operated as the Oregon Mail
President Kennedy, and finally to her present configuration in 1989.
This is the
largest vessel in the American fishing industry.
ship is mainly owned by the catcher vessels and is
managed by Premier Pacific Seafoods. A full compliment when fishing is
a crew of 220, including a full merchant crew, a supplemental deck crew
for the trawl deck, extra engineers to run the power generation, water
making and refrigeration equipment, a large stewards dept, and the
factory supervisors and crew.
Ocean Phoenix has always had a strong CMA presence.
Currently the Captain, one of the Chief Engineers, Chief Mate, several
of the junior
mates and assistant engineers are CMA grads. We are always on the
good people, and CMA is at the top
recruiting list. (Information
provided by Captain Chris Farrell, ’88, Master of the Ocean
Phoenix) CAL MARITIME April 2007
Ocean Phoenix processes POLLOCK
in the Bering Seas and
Pacific Whiting off the West Coast. These fish are processed into SURIMI, a fish
paste used in the production of processed foods such as artificial
crab, mince (for fish
sticks etc), or are headed and
for further processing elsewhere.
The ROE (eggs)
is a high value product harvested during the winter Pollock season.
are mainly sold to Japanese, Korean and Chinese markets, with a small
going to European and domestic markets. The rest of the fish, not used
products, is cooked and made into fish meal, which is mainly used in
China. OIL is
centrifuged out of these parts and either sold as
food-grade fish oil,
or burnt in the mail boilers as propulsion fuel.
most common way of separating
edible flesh from waste is by filleting, but a greater amount of flesh
recovered in the form of a coarse mince by putting either the
or the waste left after filleting, through a bone separator. Fish,
pieces of fish, are fed from a hopper to pass between a moving rubber
the outside of a revolving perforated drum of stainless steel. The
forced through the perforations into the drum from where it is expelled
coarse mince by a fixed screw. Skin and bone are retained on the
outside of the
drum and removed continuously by a scraper blade.
<-That's IMITATION FISH FOOD we get at the store or SUBWAY!
Literally "ground meat",
traditional Chinese: "PINYIN" or "fish puree"; is a
Japanese loan word
referring to a fish-based food product intended to mimic the texture
of the meat of lobster, crab and other shellfish. It is typically made
white-fleshed fish (such as pollock or hake) that has been pulverized
a paste and attains a rubbery texture when cooked.
Ground Fish Meat
Roe or hard roe is the fully ripe
or egg masses of fish and
certain marine animals,
such as shrimp, scallop, crab and sea urchins.
As a seafood, roe is used
both as a cooked
ingredient in many dishes and as a raw ingredient. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roe
OIL = FUEL:
should come as no surprise to anyone who remembers that before the
petroleum age dawned, the world used whale oil for light and heat. In
petroleum was an eco-friendly alternative when first discovered, as
whale species were roaring into the fast lane on the road to
worry about fish fuel speeding up the depletion of the oceans, though
the fuel described here is made from oil left over from fish
PHOENIX does use fish oil in her boilers.
Using this waste oil for fuel
has long been standard practice. Processors produce millions of
gallons fish oil per year as a byproduct of fish meal plants.
Much of the oil is used in the process as boiler fuel for drying the
meal..." At first they started simply mixing the raw fish oil with
fuel. This worked, but raw fish oil is about 6 percent less
diesel, and some newer engines cannot use raw fish oil.
the by-product solids including the heads, skin and bones are sent
the fish meal plant portion of Ocean Phoenix. It is a brown
powder or cake obtained by rendering pressing the cooked
whole fish or fish trimmings to remove most of the fish oil and water,
ground. What remains is the "fishmeal". It is a nutrient-rich
feed ingredient used primarily in diets for domestic animals and
sometimes used as a high-quality organic fertilizer.